Students work with numbers up to 100. They develop and apply their growing understanding of numbers in various ways, such as solving problems involving addition and subtraction. They continue to work with fractions through the context of sharing things equally.
Students use shapes and numbers to continue to learn about patterns and how to extend them. They also learn about equality by adjusting pairs of addition and subtraction statements to make them equal. Students will develop code to move multiple objects from one location to another on a grid at the same time. They will also use mathematical modelling to analyze and create solutions for real-life situations, such as determining the cost of a lunch program.
Students continue to develop their understanding of data as they learn ways to collect, organize, display and interpret more complicated data. They will learn about the likelihood of events happening and how that can be used to make informed decisions, (for example, “If it is likely to rain tomorrow, then I should wear rain boots”).
Students continue to develop their spatial sense as they learn to visualize what different shapes look like when they are turned around or taken apart. They learn to recognize and describe more complex shapes and create simple maps of familiar places. Tools such as rulers will be used to accurately measure the lengths of objects, and timers and clocks are used to measure how much time has passed.
Students build on their understanding that money has value and identify different ways to represent the same amount of money. For example, how different combinations of coins can add up to $1, and how different combinations of loonies, toonies and bills can add up to $100.
Social emotional learning skills and math processes
Students practise critical and creative thinking. For example, in financial literacy as students are learning to break down different denominations of money and select different tools and strategies such as making lists of different money combinations, drawing pictures of different groupings and using manipulatives to break down amounts in different ways.